The Changing Face of the Teaching Force

Richard Ingersoll is an expert on teachers - how they work, where they work, and why they work. In a school reform climate that questions how much autonomy teachers should have in their work and their classrooms, Dr. Ingersoll looks to data for answers.

His most recent work, a collaboration with PhD student Lisa Merrill, explores trends that have changed the face of the teaching force over the past 25 years. The teaching force has ballooned in size, significantly outpacing growth in student enrollment. Largely the result of new hiring a few content areas, this growth has created a constant influx of new teachers that now dominate the teaching force. Today, the most common (or modal) teacher has just one year of experience.



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Ingersoll, R., Merrill, L., & Stuckey, D. (2014). Seven Trends: The Transformation of the Teaching Force. Research report published by the Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE).

Ingersoll, R. (2012). Beginning teacher induction: What the data tell us. Phi Delta Kappan.

Ingersoll, R., Merril, L., & May, H. (2012). Retaining Teachers: How Preparation Matters. Educational Leadership.

Ingersoll, R., & May, H. (2011). The Minority Teacher Shortage: Fact or Fable? Phi Delta Kappan.

Ingersoll, R. & Merrill, L. (2010). Who's Teaching our Children? Educational Leadership. 67: 14-20.

For more publications by Richard Ingersoll, click here.

Press Coverage

Young Teachers Stick Around: April 8, 2014 / Wall Street Journal: Richard Ingersoll discusses his newly updated report on the "Seven Trends: The Transformation of the Teaching Force," and a jump in the common level of experience of teachers.

Poll: Teacher Engagement Starts Low, Worsens With Time: August 1, 2013 / Education Week: Dr. Richard Ingersoll's study of teacher trends is quoted to help illustrate a decline in teacher engagement.

Getting new teachers started: December 19, 2012 / Profit of Education: Richard Ingersoll's article "Beginning teacher induction" offers incite on how new teachers are being helped to develop.

An Interview with Richard Ingersoll: An Examination as to Who is Teaching Our Kids and What is Happening Out There: December 18, 2012 / Education News: Richard Ingersoll talks about his report "The Changing Face of the Teaching Force," the trends he discovered during his research, and the implications for education.

Teaching Trends: 7 Things That Have Shaped The Teaching Profession Over The Past 2 Decades: December 6, 2012 / The Huffington Post: Richard Ingersoll exposes seven trends in teaching over the past two decades in his new report, "The Changing Face of the Teaching Force."

7 Dramatic Trends Shaping the Teaching Profession: December 6, 2012 / Take Part: Richard Ingersoll with the Consortium for Policy Research in Education, has uncovered seven trends that have developed in the teaching force.

Surveys Gauge General Divide in Teaching: November 7, 2012 / Education Week: Richard Ingersoll's report "The Changing Face of the Teaching Force," along with other reports, beg the question of how new education policy will change the teaching force further.

Cloudy with a chance of...: October 31, 2012 / National Council on Teacher Quality: Richard Ingersoll identified seven trends occurring within the teaching force in his latest report.

Wow, lots of newbie teachers: October 31, 2012 / Profit of Education: The teaching force is being filled with younger teachers according to a trend in  Richard Ingersoll and Lisa Merrill's "Seven Trends" research paper.

Ballooning of the teacher cadre: October 29, 2012 / Profit of Education: Richard Ingersoll's latest article, "Seven Trends," is cited in a discussion of why the teaching force has ballooned in size and the affect it has had.

Richard Ingersoll on the changing face of the teaching force: September 21, 2012 / Bloomberg News Podcast: Richard Ingersoll discusses new trends in the teaching force with Jane Williams.

More teachers green in the classroom: September 5, 2012 / USA Today: Richard Ingersoll's research on the growing number of first-year teachers is included in this piece.

USA's top teachers union losing members: July 3, 2012 / USA Today: Richard Ingersoll comments on teacher demographics, most notably, the decline in teacher experience.

New report on teachers: Culture more important than salary, student demographics: June 29, 2012 / The Atlanta Journal-Constitution: Richard Ingersoll's insight regarding the importance of teacher experience is cited.

Is teacher churn undermining real education reform in D.C.: June 15, 2012 / The Washington Post: Richard Ingersoll comments on public school teacher turnover rates across the nation.

Four surprising trends shaping the teaching workforce -- and what they mean: May 22, 2012 / The Dallas Morning News: Richard Ingersoll's presentation at the Education Writers Association Conference is discussed.